Thursday, August 8, 2019

10 Things You Should Know Before Starting Up A Successful Groundnut Farming Business

Groundnut farming business is very important to the Agricultural sector of the economy. The lucrativeness of starting up groundnut farming is not to be under emphasized.
It is profitable to both investors and local entrepreneurs. Groundnut seed on it own is nutricious and serves as a source of healthy oil which makes it profitable for whoever wants to start cultivating and selling it. 

Groundnut has a moderate shelf life, so you don’t need to bother about it perishing. It can also be converted into other useful food sources and more which will provide you money.
Maybe you are  interested in starting up a groundnut farming business but don’t know how to go about it, then you don’t need to worry because in this article we shall be showing things thing that you need to consider before starting up a profitable groundnut farming business. But before we continue, don’t forget to drop us a comment and then share to friends at the end of this article.

Knowledge is always required for anything to excel, therefore, there are some things you need to consider before starting up a profitable groundnut farming business, which are as follows:

  • Knowing everything about groundnut
  • Land preparation
  • Best soil for groundnut planting
  • Best time for sowing groundnut
  • Seed preparation
  • Seed treatment
  • Disease control
  • Manure and Fertilizer application
  • Weed control
  • harvesting

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1. Knowing everything about groundnut
The first step you have to take is to know everything possible about groundnut farming business, because knowledge is power, you can search for them online using search engine or inquire from a groundnut farming. 

Starting a groundnut farm can be very easy and interesting when you know exactly everything about the seedling. This basic knowledge will provide insight into other ways to make a huge profit by converting them to other food sources. After getting more knowledge of the seed and everything, then you can know how you can go about farming, harvesting, and marketing to make profit.
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2. Land preparation
Another, land preparation is a thing you should know how to do. Land clearing is the first process involved in preparing the land where you will cultivate groundnut.
Proper clearing of the land makes the crop to grow well without having any unnecessary interference, that will limit its growth and yield.

Other series of operations involved in land preparation aside land clearing are ploughing, harrowing and ridging.

3. Best soil for groundnut planting
Groundnuts need sufficient soil that is rich in organic matters, that is highly fertile soil with sufficient moisture to grow perfectly.

Just look for a suitable location and consider a good soil type. Important things to know about the soil of the compositions and pH value, know if it is good for cultivation of groundnuts or not.

4. Best time for planting groundnut
The best time for planting groundnut is around May - June, so it is important to get the land ready before then. Also, get a good groundnut seed, and note that what you actually put in the soil will determine your yield.

Groundnut sowing kicks off in raining season during the begining of the rainfall. This is usually in the third week of June.

5. Seed preparation
You should make sure you prepare the seed well before cultivation. Select the well-filled groundnut pods and remove the seeds from their shells at least one week before the sowing time. The bold kernels are mostly preferred to the smaller ones because the plants produced from them are found greater.

The number of leaves, branches and successful seeds; the mass of shoots, roots and pod yields of the good quality seed are always superior compared to the smaller ones.
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6. Seed treatment
It is necessary to treat seeds before cultivation so as to avoid harm to the seeds beneath the ground. Seed treatment helps to control pathogens such as rhizobia: gram-negative diazotrophic bacteria that cause harm inside the root nodules of leguminous plants in the soil.

7. Disease control
Pest and diseases are one of the greatest enemies of groundnuts as they attack the crops within any slightest opportunity just like any other crop.

Therefore you should be on the lookout and procure the necessary pest control and diseases control chemicals or better using a natural way to control and manage it.

8. Manure and Fertilizer application
Manure or fertilizer are added  to improve the fertility of the seeds. A balanced fertilizer application provides adequate level of mineral nutrients necessary for germination of seeds. Application of fertilizers sole depends on soil status. In the case of inorganic manure (artificial fertilizers), you have to know the major mineral components required in groundnut farming. Some of these components are calcium, zinc, Iron, Nitrogen, Sulphur and phosphorus which are present in the soil already. But note that, normally groundnut farming does not require fertilizer except when grown on a poor soil.
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9. Weed control
Groundnut farm should be weeded within the period of 3 to 6 weeks after sowing. Mature weeds are associated with much seed damage which occurs during the first 45 days of the plant growth.
Weeding and weed control done manually or chemically within the first 6 weeks of groundnut growth has many effects on the yield. Note that it is advisable to weed the farm as often as possible from the first 1 - 6 weeks and weeding should stop once leaves start appearing from the seeds.

10. Harvesting
Harvesting of groundnuts should be done just a few months away from when it was cultivated. It takes 4 to 5 months to say 120 to 150 days for groundnut to mature though it still depends on the variety of groundnuts planted. It can be done by hands or with the use of the machine.

Thanks for reading along, if this article has benefited you, do well to drop a comment and then share to friends.

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